Article 29 of the Constitution of India has the word ‘minorities’ in its marginal heading but speaks of “any section of citizens having a distinct language script and culture”.
What is minority according to Indian constitution?
Minority communities in India includes Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains. … Linguistic Minorities, according to Indian Constitution should have a Special Officer appointed. Constitutional Article: 350B. There shall be a Special Officer for linguistic minorities to be appointed by the President.
Does the Constitution define minority?
The Constitution does not define the term minority. The distinctiveness of a numerically inferior group is certainly recognised as a legal criterion to determine the minority status of any community.
What is defined as a minority?
Minority, a culturally, ethnically, or racially distinct group that coexists with but is subordinate to a more dominant group. As the term is used in the social sciences, this subordinacy is the chief defining characteristic of a minority group.
What is the legal definition of minority?
The state or condition of being under legal age. A group that does not constitute a politically dominant voting majority of the total population in a given society. … It can also refer to a group having less than a controlling number of votes.
Who is called minority in India?
Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Jain and Zorastrians (Parsis) have been notified as minority communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992. As per the Census 2011, the percentage of minorities in the country is about 19.3% of the total population of the country.
Is Sikh a minority in India?
With a total population of a little less than 20 million, the Sikhs are the third largest religious minority (after Muslims and Christians) group of India. … Over the years, the Indian Punjab has also come to be identified with the Sikhs, and they with the region.
Is Article 31 a fundamental right?
Article 31 provided that “no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law.” It also provided that compensation would be paid to a person whose property has been taken for public purposes. … The 44th Amendment of 1978 removed the right to property from the list of fundamental rights.
What does not minority mean?
: a person who is not a member of a social minority group The district was also required to close the achievement gap between minorities and nonminorities and hire more minority teachers.— Ashley A. Smith —often used before another noun nonminority voters.
What are examples of minorities?
“In the United States, for example, non-Hispanic Whites constitute the majority (63.4%) and all other racial and ethnic groups (Mexican, African Americans, Asian Americans, American Indian, and Native Hawaiians) are classified as “minorities”.”
What is minority with example?
The term usually refers to any group that is subjected to oppression and discrimination by those in more powerful social positions, whether or not the group is a numerical minority. Examples of groups that have been labeled minorities include African Americans, women, and immigrants among others.
How do we identify a minority?
According to Charles Wagley and Marvin Harris (1958), a minority group is distinguished by five characteristics: (1) unequal treatment and less power over their lives, (2) distinguishing physical or cultural traits like skin colour or language, (3) involuntary membership in the group, (4) awareness of subordination, …
What are the 5 characteristics of minority groups?
According to Charles Wagley and Marvin Harris (1958), a minority group is distinguished by five characteristics: (1) unequal treatment and less power over their lives, (2) distinguishing physical or cultural traits like skin color or language, (3) involuntary membership in the group, (4) awareness of subordination, and …
What does underrepresented minority mean?
Underrepresented Minority (URM) – is defined as a U.S. citizen who identifies as Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, or American Indian. All other Race/Ethnicity categories or Non-U.S. citizens are considered as a Non-Underrepresented Minority (Non-URM).
Who is considered a minority in the United States?
A minority person is a citizen of the United States who is African American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian Pacific, or Asian Indian. African American is a US citizen who has origins in any of the African racial groups of Africa, and is regarded as such by the community of which the person claims to be a part.