For almost a century (1500–1600), the Portuguese held a monopoly on European exploration and trade in the Indian Ocean. Portuguese interests on the west coast of India were largely determined by sailing conditions, and in Goa they found a defensible island site with excellent harbour facilities on either side.
What did the Portuguese establish in India?
1503 AD: The Portuguese had established their first fort in Cochin in India. 1505 AD: Francisco de Almeida was appointed Viceroy of India, on the condition that he would set up four forts on the south western Indian coast: at Anjediva Island, Cannanore, Cochin and Quilon.
Why did the Portuguese visit India?
The plan for working on the Cape Route to India was charted by Portuguese King John II as a cost saving measure in the trade with Asia and also an attempt to monopolize the spice trade.
Why did Portuguese fail in India?
The religious policy of the Portuguese was also responsible for their ruin. The establishment of the Mughal Empire was also partly responsible for the downfall of the Portuguese in India. The rise of the Dutch and English powers also created strong rivals in the country. They were more than a match for the Portuguese.
Who came to India after Portuguese?
Hence various navigators like Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci and many others went in search for a new route to Asia. The 1st person to reach India circumnavigating the Cape of Good Hope was Portuguese navigator VASCO-DA-GAMA.
European Powers That Came To India.
|Came to India||1498|
Who ruled India before Portuguese?
|EIC in India||1612–1757|
|Company rule in India||1757–1858|
|British rule in Portuguese India||1797–1813|
|British rule in Burma||1824–1948|
Who ruled Goa before the Portuguese?
It was ruled by the Kadamba dynasty from the 2nd century ce to 1312 and by Muslim invaders of the Deccan from 1312 to 1367. The city was then annexed by the Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar and was later conquered by the Bahmanī sultanate, which founded Old Goa on the island in 1440.