In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
How did the British treat India?
They legally and socially discriminated against Indians and people of mixed race, who were also shunned by Indian people. They forced Indian farmers into a global market and mandated the growth of commercial crops, which left them open to the ups and downs of supply and demand.
How did India gain independence from Britain?
On June 15, 1947, the British House of Commons passed the Indian Independence Act, or Mountbatten Plan, which divided India into two dominions, India and Pakistan. It called for each dominion to be granted its independence by Aug. 15 of that year.
Why did British Empire fall?
The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.
Who Ruled India after independence?
Two governors-general held office between independence and India’s transformation into a republic: Lord Mountbatten (1947–48) and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1948–50).
Dominion of India.
|Union of India Bhāratiya Adhirājya|
|• 1947–1948||Lord Mountbatten|
|• 1948–1950||Chakravarti Rajagopalachari|
|• 1947–1950||Jawaharlal Nehru|
Was India a rich country before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.
What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?
The disadvantages were that they were subject to cholera, smallpox, and other diseases. Civil servants serving in India under the British East India Company died at twice the rate of those at home in England.
How many Indians did the British kill?
If you point out basic facts about the British Empire – that the British deliberately adopted policies that caused as many as 29 million Indians to starve to death in the late 19th century, say – you smack into a wall of incomprehension and rage.
What was India called before British rule?
“Hindustan”, as the term Hindu itself, entered the English language in the 17th century. In the 19th century, the term as used in English referred to the Subcontinent. “Hindustan” was in use simultaneously with “India” during the British Raj.