How many provinces were there in India under British rule?

He was replaced in June 1948 by Chakravarti Rajagopalachari. At the time of independence, British India consisted of 17 provinces and 562 princely states. The provinces were given to India or Pakistan, in some cases in particular – Punjab and Bengal – after being partitioned.

What parts of India did the British rule?

The British Raj extended over almost all present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, except for small holdings by other European nations such as Goa and Pondicherry. … Burma was separated from India and directly administered by the British Crown from 1937 until its independence in 1948.

Was the largest province under the British rule?

Bengal Legislative Council (1862-1947)The British government began to appoint legislative councils under the Indian Councils Act 1861. The Bengal Legislative Council was established in 1862. It was one of the largest and most important legislative councils in British India.

Who Ruled India first?

The Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.

Which state is the first state of India?


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State Foundation day Year
Karnataka Karnataka Day 1956
Kerala Kerala Day
Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Day 1950
Maharashtra Maharashtra Day 1960

Which state was the biggest province of British India?

Major provinces

Province of British India Area (in thousands of square miles) Population (in millions of inhabitants)
Burma 170 9
Bengal 151 75
Madras 142 38
Bombay 123 19

What made British to leave India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

What was India like before colonization?

The Pre-Colonial State

Before the advent of colonial rule, India was a self-sufficient and flourishing economy. Evidently, our country was popularly known as the golden eagle. India had already established itself on the world map with a decent amount of exports.

Dreams of India