The Act was passed because the state related differently to First Nations (historically called “Indians”) as compared to other ethnic groups. The nation of Canada inherited legal arrangements from the colonial period under France and Great Britain, such as the Royal Proclamation of 1763 and various treaties.
Why is it still called the Indian Act?
Since Canada was created in 1867, the federal government has been in charge of aboriginal affairs. The Indian Act, which was enacted in 1876 and has since been amended, allows the government to control most aspects of aboriginal life: Indian status, land, resources, wills, education, band administration and so on.
Why the Indian Act is bad?
The oppression of First Nations women under the Indian Act resulted in long-term poverty, marginalization and violence, which they are still trying to overcome today. Inuit and Métis women were also oppressed and discriminated against, and prevented from: serving in the Canadian armed forces.
Does Indian Act still exist?
While the Indian Act has undergone numerous amendments since it was first passed in 1876, today it largely retains its original form. The Indian Act is administered by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC), formerly the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND).
Why was the Indian Act made?
The Indian Act was created to assimilate Indigenous peoples into mainstream society and contained policies intended to terminate the cultural, social, economic, and political distinctiveness of Indigenous peoples.
Is the Indian Act good or bad?
The Indian Act imposed great personal and cultural tragedy on First Nations, many of which continue to affect communities, families and individuals today.
What is good about the Indian Act?
The Indian Act gave a lot of power to the Department of Indian Affairs (see Federal Departments of Indigenous and Northern Affairs). For example, the agents of the department decided who could receive rights and benefits (see Indian Agents in Canada). … They also gave women the right to vote in band council elections.
Who benefits from the Indian Act?
Registered Indians, also known as status Indians, have certain rights and benefits not available to non-status Indians, Métis, Inuit or other Canadians. These rights and benefits include on-reserve housing, education and exemptions from federal, provincial and territorial taxes in specific situations.
How much land do natives own in Canada?
Our Indian reserves are only 0.2 per cent of Canada’s land mass yet Indigenous Peoples are expected to survive on that land base.
What did Bill C 31 do?
Known as Bill C-31, this amendment reinstated Indian Status to women who had lost it through marriage to men without status. Among other changes, the bill also enabled all first-generation children of these marriages and individuals who had been enfranchised to regain their legal status.