Why did India split after gaining independence from the British?

Due to the weakened state of the British economy post-war it was unable to resist the demand for Independence in India. It was also decided that with independence, India would have partition, the Mountbatten Plan laid out the terms and the details of the partition between the Hindu India and the Muslim Pakistan.

What happened to India after gaining independence?

When British rule came to an end in 1947, the subcontinent was partitioned along religious lines into two separate countries—India, with a majority of Hindus, and Pakistan, with a majority of Muslims. … The Constitution adopted in 1950 made India a democratic country, and this democracy has been sustained since then.

How did the British leave India?

The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

Who Ruled India after independence?

Two governors-general held office between independence and India’s transformation into a republic: Lord Mountbatten (1947–48) and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1948–50).

Dominion of India.

Union of India Bhāratiya Adhirājya
• 1947–1948 Lord Mountbatten
• 1948–1950 Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
Prime Minister
• 1947–1950 Jawaharlal Nehru
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Is there any Hindu in Pakistan Army?

In 2008, the Pakistan Army had two Hindu officers in its Medical corps: Capt Danish and Capt Aneel Kumar. In 2019, Dr Kelash Garvada became the first-ever Hindu Major in the Pakistan Army. … Besides officers, the Pakistan Army also has Hindu soldiers.

In which country Hinduism is growing fast?

Only two countries in the world, in 2010, had a majority of its population as Hindus – Nepal and India. In Mauritius, Hindus comprise 48.5% i.e. a plurality of its population in 2011 census.

By country.

Region South Asia
Country Bhutan
Hindu total 185,700
Percentage 22.6%–25%
Total population 742,737

Was India rich before British rule?

Before British Rule (1858)

Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.

What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?

The disadvantages were that they were subject to cholera, smallpox, and other diseases. Civil servants serving in India under the British East India Company died at twice the rate of those at home in England.

Was British rule good or bad for India?

Some recent research suggests that British rule did little for India in economic terms. Britain gained hugely from ruling India, but most of the wealth created was not invested back into the country. … India’s population only grew by about 1% per year, which also suggests there was not much economic growth.

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Dreams of India