What are the main causes and effects of brain drain in India?

What are the main causes and effects of brain drain?

Several common causes precipitate brain drain on the geographic level including political instability, poor quality of life, limited access to health care, and a shortage of economic opportunity. These factors prompt skilled and talented workers to leave source countries for places that offer better opportunities.

What are the main causes of brain drain in India?

Pull factors are identified as higher standards of living and working, family reunions and better prospects for children (www.reservebank.gov) Consequently, these factors are the main reason for India’s brain drain.

What are the effects of brain drain in India?

Unfortunately India is one of the countries suffering from severe brain drain. Statistics reveal that the brain-drain of software engineers alone costs India $2 billion a year. The total amount lost from every field of human capital threatens to be enormous.

Is brain drain a serious problem?

Brain drain is one of the earliest phenomena associated with globalisation, which has significant adverse effects at the local level. The departure of skilled workers can weaken developing countries, especially smaller ones, by depriving them of important skills and workforce.

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How can brain drain affect a country?

Brain drain can have a negative impact on the sending region, such as reduction of human capital, limited capacity to innovate, reduced economic growth, demographic shifts, and a higher cost of public goods.

How can we reduce brain drain in India?

There are some basic initiatives that can tackle brain-drain which are:

  1. Rural Development − Villages form the soul of proper and effective development in India. …
  2. Tackling under-employment − The companies recruiting employees should take utmost care to resolve any form of underemployment in their organization.

Is brain drain good for India?

Brain drain is both a boon and bane for country. It is not only in India but we find youth from several developing countries settling down in developed countries for leading better life. Since Indian population is high and Indian youth population is higher the number the issue appears to be exaggerated presently.

What is the rate of brain drain in India?

Overall, the number of immigrant scientists and engineers in the US has risen to 18 percent from an earlier 16 percent and 57 percent of those were born in Asia.

Brain Drain of India – Some Statistics.

Country No.of Individuals
United States 3443063
United Arab Emirates 2200000
Malaysia 2150000
Nepal 2000000
Dreams of India