Several districts in the top two populous states — Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra — have semi-critical levels. Several urban centres across the country are sites of overexploited groundwater. Bengaluru, a rapidly growing information technology hub with a population of over 9.6 million, is highly water-stressed.
Where are water stressed areas?
Qatar, Israel and Lebanon were ranked as the most water stressed countries in the world, with Badghis in Afghanistan and Gaborone and Jwaneng in Botswana the world’s most water-stressed regions.
Which areas of India have water scarcity?
Several large cities of India have experienced water shortages in recent years, with Chennai being the most prominent in 2019. The shortage of water affected the entire city of 9 million people and resulted in the closure of several hotels, restaurants and businesses.
What is water stress in India?
The scarcity of water appears as a major issue in India: 54% of the country faces high to extremely high water stress (WRI, 2014). The water stress refers to a twofold situation: when the demand for water exceeds the current available resource; when the poor quality of water restricts its use.
Which country will run out of water first?
How bad could it be? According to current projections, Cape Town will run out of water in a matter of months. This coastal paradise of 4 million on the southern tip of South Africa is to become the first modern major city in the world to completely run dry.
Is there water shortage in India?
India constitutes 16 per cent of the world’s population, but the country has only four per cent of the world’s freshwater resources. With the changing weather patterns and recurring droughts, India is water stressed.
Is drinking water safe in India?
Less than 50 per cent of the population in India has access to safely managed drinking water. Chemical contamination of water, mainly through fluoride and arsenic, is present in 1.96 million dwellings.