Zitkala-Sa was physically punished by instructors at her school. She was stripped of her native clothing and also forcibly given a haircut to get rid of her long hair. She was forced to learn how to dress, write and even eat as a white person (Smith).
What is the main idea of Zitkala-Sa?
Zitkala-Sa as “the Representative Indian”
The despondency and isolation Zitkala-Sa felt at the school as an outsider among white people and her urges of rebellion and revenge represent the despair and anger of all Native Americans under white oppression in her time.
When did Zitkala-Sa change her name?
Zitkala-Ša, also known as Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, was a Native American suffragist, writer and activist. Born Gertie Eveline Felker on February 22, 1876 near the Yankton Agency in Dakota Territory, Zitkala-Ša took her mother’s surname as a young woman and changed her name to Gertrude Simmons.
How old is Zitkala-Sa today?
|Zitkala-Ša in 1898, National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution|
|Born||February 22, 1876 Yankton Indian Reservation, Dakota Territory|
|Died||January 26, 1938 (aged 61) Washington, DC|
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
Who is Zitkala-Sa audience?
Influential reformers, evangelical Protestants calling themselves “Friends of the Indian,” urged education and support as alternatives to suppression and extermination.
What does the name Zitkala-Sa mean?
“Eating by Formula”, Zitkala Sa means a set pattern of eating. Zitkala-Sa was in tears on the first day in the land of apples because the school authorities attempted to cut her hair mercilessly. … In Native American the meaning of the name Zitkala is: Bird.
What technique does Zitkala-Sa use?
She presents her strongest argument at the end of the passage in order to leave the reader with a vivid image of her mistreatment.
Where is Zitkala-Sa buried?
Why I am a pagan summary?
In “Why I Am a Pagan”, Zitkala-Sa depicts vividly how the voice of the white-American majority has swallowed the one of the Native-American community. … Interestingly, at the same time, that voice of the American aborigines plays as their finest weapon to defend against the assimilation of America.