Why was India’s capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi? … The capital was shifted from Calcutta as Delhi was the financial and political seat of many earlier empires and was located closer to the geographical center of India. The rising nationalist movement in Calcutta was also responsible for the shift.
Why was the capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi?
* Another main reason for the capital shift was the location of Delhi. Calcutta was situated in the eastern coastal part of the country, while Delhi was located in the northern part. * The British government also believed that ruling India from Delhi was easier and more convenient than from Calcutta.
Why was the Indian capital moved?
On this day December 12th, in 1911, India moves its capital from Calcutta to Delhi. One of the primary reasons for this move was because Calcutta had proven to be a breeding ground for revolution against the British Empire’s rule over India. Gandhi was part of these revolutions, though only through non-violence.
How did Delhi became the capital of India?
In December 1911 King George V of Britain decreed that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi. Construction began in 1912 at a site about 3 miles (5 km) south of the Delhi city centre, and the new capital was formally dedicated in 1931.
Who ruled India in 1912?
On February 14, 1912, George V gave a speech in the British Parliament about his visit to the imperial colonies and expressed his trust to India people and government he saw during his visit to India in 1911. On December 18–21, 1912 the India National (Missionary) Conference convened in Calcutta.
What is the second capital of India?
The English rulers considered Nagpur as the centre of India and hence identified this point and constructed the Zero Mile Stone. Being at the center of the country, they also had a plan to make Nagpur the second capital city.
Is Delhi a state?
Delhi, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India. It is situated alongside River Yamuna and bordered by Haryana state on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh state to the east.