Congress passed the treaty in order to relocate the Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi River to lands in the west. … President Jackson was supportive of a speedy removal and he felt it was important not only to the United States but to the Indians themselves.
Why did Congress pass the Indian Removal Act?
To achieve his purpose, Jackson encouraged Congress to adopt the Removal Act of 1830. The Act established a process whereby the President could grant land west of the Mississippi River to Indian tribes that agreed to give up their homelands.
Who supported the Indian Removal Act?
Andrew Jackson (1829–37) vigorously promoted this new policy, which became incorporated in the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
Why did the government want to remove the Native Americans?
Explanation: People had wanted to gain access to that land for a long time, and slowly the land that the Native American tribes of the area had decreased. Many of them were forced to leave, and one of the most popular ones is the Cherokee.
What did Andrew Jackson say about the Indian Removal Act?
Jackson declared that removal would “incalculably strengthen the southwestern frontier.” Clearing Alabama and Mississippi of their Indian populations, he said, would “enable those states to advance rapidly in population, wealth, and power.”
What were the arguments against the Indian Removal Act?
One argument made against the act was that the act went against what the foundation of America was built off of: the Constitution. Treaties formally signed with the Natives regarding their right to possess their own land were neglected.
How did the Indian Removal Act violate the Constitution?
Jackson warned the tribes that if they failed to move, they would lose their independence and fall under state laws. Jackson backed an Indian removal bill in Congress. Members of Congress like Davy Crockett argued that Jackson violated the Constitution by refusing to enforce treaties that guaranteed Indian land rights.
What powers did the Indian Removal Act of 1830 gave President Jackson?
The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy.