It was to bear an inscription declaring that the Press of India was liberated on the 15th of September, 1835, by Sir Charles Metcalfe.
Which Governor General banned the press?
It elicited strong and sustained protests from a wide spectrum of the Indian populace. The law was repealed in 1881 by Lytton’s successor as viceroy, Lord Ripon (governed 1880–84).
Who abolished censorship of press act?
This act was abolished by Charles Metcalf (Governor-General of India 1835-36). This act was enacted by Sir Charles Metcalfe in 1835.
Which act is known as gagging act?
Answer: [A] Vernacular Press Act. Notes: Vernacular Press Act of 1878 is also known as “The Gagging Act”. It was enacted during the time of Lord Lytton.
Why Metcalfe is called liberator of Indian press?
The main objective of the act was to suppress the Indian Newspaper by introducing compulsory licensing. Charles Metcalfe repealed the act in the year 1835 and got the title “The Liberator of Press”.
Which media was popular during Indian freedom struggle?
BalgangadharTilak was most frequently associated with the nationalist fight for the freedom of press. Tilak encouraged anti-imperialist sentiments among the public through Ganapati festivals (started in 1893), Shivaji festivals (started in 1896) and through newspapers Kesari and Maharatta.
Who started press in India?
James Augustus Hickey is considered as the “father of Indian press” as he started the first Indian newspaper from Calcutta, the `Bengal Gazette` or the `Calcutta General Advertise` in January 1780.
Who passed the Vernacular Press Act when and why was it passed?
Lord Lytton passed the Vernacular Press Act 1878 that authorised the government to confiscate newspapers that printed ‘seditious material’. He also passed the Arms Act 1878 that prohibited Indians from carrying weapons of any kind without licenses. Englishmen were excluded from this act.
What are the three phases of Indian journalism?
Indian journalism between 1780 and 1880 can be divided into three phases: Anglo–Indian, Indo–Anglian, and Indian Language journalism.
What are the features of Indian press?
It ensures that the Indian press is free and responsible. If the press is to function effectively as the watchdog of public interest, it must have a secure freedom of expression, unfettered and unhindered by any authority, organised bodies or individuals.