Section 2(c) of National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992 had granted minority status to five communities (Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis) based on their national population.
Who is minority in Indian Constitution?
While Article 30 and Article 29 of the Constitution do not specify ‘minorities’ in India, it is classified into religious minorities and linguistic minorities. Religious Minorities in India. The basic ground for a community to be nominated as a religious minority is the numerical strength of the community.
Who are minorities in India UPSC?
The National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992 in Section 2(c) of the act defines a minority as “a community notified as such by the Central government”. In India, this applies to Muslim, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhist and Parsis (Zoroastrian), Jain religions.
Is Sikh a minority in India?
With a total population of a little less than 20 million, the Sikhs are the third largest religious minority (after Muslims and Christians) group of India. … Over the years, the Indian Punjab has also come to be identified with the Sikhs, and they with the region.
How many minorities are in India?
As per the Census 2011, the percentage of minorities in the country is about 19.3% of the total population of the country. The population of Muslims are 14.2%; Christians 2.3%; Sikhs 1.7%, Buddhists 0.7%, Jain 0.4% and Parsis 0.006%. Q. 2.
What minority means?
Minority, a culturally, ethnically, or racially distinct group that coexists with but is subordinate to a more dominant group. As the term is used in the social sciences, this subordinacy is the chief defining characteristic of a minority group. As such, minority status does not necessarily correlate to population.
What are the problems of minorities?
Some of the main problems faced by minorities in India are as follows: 1. Problem of Identity 2. Problem of Security 3.
Problem Relating to Equity.
- Problem of Identity: …
- Problem of Security: …
- Problem Relating to Equity: