What ruling powers controlled the Indian Ocean trade?

Although many world powers such as Great Britain and France were present in Indian Ocean trade throughout the first global era, few powers seemed to dominate that trade over that time. The dominant powers of the period were the Portuguese and later the Dutch.

How did Islam affect Indian Ocean trade?

Muslims were known to have a commercial talent notably encouraged by Islam, as well as excellent sailing skills. Thus, they could monopolize the East-West trade of the maritime Silk Roads, connecting various major ports of eastern Asian regions together.

What diseases spread on the Indian Ocean trade route?

. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950’ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.

What was the impact of the Indian Ocean trade?

Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.

Who made cloth with silk from China and cotton from India?

These are, first, that China sold silk textiles to India throughout nearly two millennia from the early years of the Han dynasty (206 BCE to 220 CE) to the period of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644 CE), and did so even though Indians began producing the cloth in the early Gupta period and vastly expanded silk cloth …

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What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?

1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.

What are the two important parts of the Indian Ocean?

The Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea are all parts of this ocean. The deepest point in the Indian Ocean is in the Java Trench near the Sunda Islands in the east, 7500 m (25,344 feet) deep. The average depth is 3,890 m (12,762 ft).

What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade be successful?

What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade become successful? The ability to know direction with a compass and knowing your latitude with an astrolabe. Ships were also improved to be more stable.

Why did Islam spread so quickly?

The religion of Islam spread rapidly in the 7th century. Islam spread quickly because of the military. During this time, on numerous accounts there were military raids. Trade and conflict were also apparent between different empires, all of which resulted in the spreading of Islam.

What impact did Islam have on trade in the Indian Ocean and why?

Islam affected commerce in the Indian Ocean world by providing a uniting factor that facilitated trade.

Why did Muslims dominate Indian Ocean trade?

But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.

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