A Hindu temple generally consists of a garba griha (“womb chamber”), the inner sanctum in which the murti , or idol of the deity, is housed; a congregation hall; and sometimes an antechamber and porch.
What are the main parts of a Hindu temple?
Hindu temples typically consist of a prayer hall called a mandapa and a sanctuary, inner sanctum, or central shrine called a garbhargriha . The sanctuary contains an icon of the Hindu deity the temple is dedicated to and is off limits to everyone but priests at the temple.
What are the four main components of a Hindu temple?
Essential elements of Hindu architecture are precise and harmonious geometry when viewed from all four sides and above, the square form and grid ground plans, soaring towers, and elaborate decorate sculpture which includes gods, worshippers, erotic scenes, animals, and floral and geometric patterns.
What can be found in a mandir?
In a community mandir , the shrine, where the murti are kept, is the central and most important part. There is often a tower, which signifies the presence of the murti. Some community mandir are dedicated to a particular Hindu god or goddess, whose murti takes pride of place and is the main focus of worship.
What are the features of a temple?
Temples typically have a main building and a larger precinct, which may contain many other buildings, or may be a dome shaped structure, much like an igloo. The word comes from Ancient Rome, where a templum constituted a sacred precinct as defined by a priest, or augur.
Why do Hindu temples face east?
Since there was no electricity in the olden says and the houses were tiny and small, the source of natural light was sunlight from the windows. … So made it sense to keep the idols in the west side of the room facing the east so that when the sunlight fell on the Gods idols, at least one could see their faces.
Who is the God of art in Hinduism?
Deities commonly worshiped and portrayed through sculpture include Shiva the Destroyer; Vishnu in his incarnations as Rama and Krishna; Ganesha, the elephant god of prosperity; and different forms of the goddess Shakti (literally meaning “power”), the primordial feminine creative principle.
How does a Hindu choose which God to worship?
How do Hindus decide which Gods and Goddess to worship? Some will rely on astrology, see where their “stars” were when they were born and therefore, choose the Gods/Goddess accordingly.
Which US city is home to an intricate Hindu temple?
Which U.S. city is home to this intricate Hindu temple? Answer: The correct answer is Chicago.