The Dutch Republic, England, France, and Denmark-Norway all established trading posts in India in the early 17th century.
What countries were colonies of India?
The British began rule in India 1858 through 1947. Before British Imperialism in India, India was doing very well and flourishing. Britain came to India in 1858 for their profitable resources that the British Empire wanted to make theirs.
What major European country colonized India?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
What European country owned India?
The British essentially ruled most of India (along with what is now Pakistan and Bangladesh) for almost two hundred years. The other European powers that tried to have control in India were the Dutch, the Portuguese, and most especially the French.
Who Ruled India first?
The Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.
Why did Britain give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
Which country was the first to colonize?
Spain & Portugal were the first to explore and colonize. They disagreed on who controlled what territory. So the countries got together with the Pope and signed the Treaty of Tordesillas. Draw the Line of Demarcation and label Spain and Portugal on their side of the line.
How did Europe change India?
The Europeans came to India to trade for sugar, tea, cotton, ginger, pepper, and other spices, a blue dye called indigo, and jute. Jute is a tropical plant used for making rope. … The British at first had no interest in changing the Indian way of life, but they eventually made many reforms. They outlawed suttee in 1829.