The scarcity of water in India affects hundreds of millions of people across the country. A major portion of the population does not have a reliable and constant means of getting water for their daily needs. In June 2019, 65% of all reservoirs in India reported below-normal water levels, and 12% were completely dry.
What is the water situation in India?
India constitutes 16 per cent of the world’s population, but the country has only four per cent of the world’s freshwater resources. With the changing weather patterns and recurring droughts, India is water stressed.
What is water crisis in India?
A NITI Aayog report in 2018 stated bluntly that 600 million people, or nearly half of India’s population, face extreme water stress. That three-fourths of India’s rural households do not have piped, potable water and rely on sources that pose a serious health risk.
How bad is the water crisis in India?
More than 50% of the population has no access to safe drinking water and about 200,000 people die every year for lack of access to safe water. India is currently facing the biggest crisis in its history. And no, it’s not COVID-19. India is suffering from one of the world’s worst national water crises.
What is India doing to save water?
Government of India has also Implemented the Scheme “Artificial recharge to ground water through dug wells” in seven States for construction of recharge facility on irrigation dug wells owned by the farmers utilising excess spare water which otherwise would have gone waste.
Is water free in India?
In addition, only two Indian cities have continuous water supply and according to an estimate from 2018 about 8% of Indians still lack access to improved sanitation facilities.
Water supply and sanitation in India.
|India: Water and Sanitation|
|Access to basic sanitation||99.3% (2019)|
|Average urban water use (liter/capita/day)||126 (2006)|
Why does India have no water?
India’s water crisis is often attributed to lack of government planning, increased corporate privatization, industrial and human waste and government corruption. In addition, water scarcity in India is expected to worsen as the overall population is expected to increase to 1.6 billion by year 2050.
Which areas of India have water scarcity?
Several large cities of India have experienced water shortages in recent years, with Chennai being the most prominent in 2019. The shortage of water affected the entire city of 9 million people and resulted in the closure of several hotels, restaurants and businesses.
Is India running out of water?
By 2050, at least 30 Indian cities will face a grave water risk, according to the WWF. The problems range from poor management of water sources, contaminated supplies, leaky distribution networks and vast volumes of untreated wastewater being poured into India’s rivers.