Britain came to India in 1858 for their profitable resources that the British Empire wanted to make theirs. Leaving in 1947 just to leave before a civil war broke out and leaving India in terrible shape taking and using whatever resources they wanted in their rule in India.
How did the British colonization affect India?
Colonialism was certainly a far more traumatising experience for colonial subjects than their colonisers. They suffered poverty, malnutrition, disease, cultural upheaval, economic exploitation, political disadvantage, and systematic programmes aimed at creating a sense of social and racial inferiority.
How did British conquer India and establish their rule?
The British conquered India in the following ways: They subjugated local nawabs and rajas. They established control over the economy and society collected revenue to meet all their expenses, bought goods they wanted at lower prices and produced crops they needed for export.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.
Why did Britain give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
How long was India colonized by the British?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
Was India the richest country in history?
By 1700, the Indian Subcontinent had become the world’s largest economy, ahead of Qing China and Western Europe, containing approximately 24.2% of the World’s population, and producing about a quarter of world output. India produced about 25% of global industrial output into the early 18th century.
How was India so rich?
Agriculture, once India’s main source of revenue and income, has since fallen to approximately 15.87% of the country’s GDP, as of 2019. Over the past 60 years, the service industry in India has increased from a fraction of the GDP to approximately 54.4% between 2018 and 2019.