The monsoon is caused by differing temperature trends over the land and ocean. In India, the southwest summer monsoon is attracted by a low pressure area that’s caused by the extreme heat of the Thar Desert in Rajasthan and adjoining areas during summer. During the monsoon, the wind direction reverses.
What causes summer monsoons?
The summer monsoon is associated with heavy rainfall. It usually happens between April and September. As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean blows toward countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas.
How are summer and winter monsoon caused over India Class 7?
During summer season, winds blow from sea towards land on a large scale. These winds carry water droplets with them and form clouds. … During winter season, the winds blow from land to sea and they do not carry any water droplets with them. Hence, Monsoon season occurs only after summer season.
What causes monsoons in India?
The monsoon, which is essentially the seasonal reversal in wind direction, causes most of the rainfall received in India and some other parts of the world. The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea.
Why are the summer monsoons welcomed in India?
Despite the potential for destruction, many Indian people welcome the summer monsoons. Farmers depend on the rains to irrigate their land. … The summer monsoon winds in India bring moisture from the Indian Ocean; on the other hand, Pakistan is north of the ocean and receives much less rain.
What are the two types of monsoons?
The Monsoon winds are classified into southwest monsoon and Northeast Monsoon on the basis of the direction from where they blow.
How many monsoons do we have?
Answer: India actually has two monsoons –- the southwest monsoon and the northeast monsoon. The southwest monsoon, which is the main monsoon, comes in from the sea and starts making its way up India’s west coast in early June.
What is monsoon Class 7?
Answer: The cool winds that blow from the surface of the sea towards the land which carries the rains are called monsoon winds. A violent disturbance that occurs in the atmosphere accompanied by high speed winds and rains that result when airs of different masses meet is called storm.
What are Indian monsoons?
A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. … Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia.
How long do monsoons last in India?
The Indian summer monsoon typically lasts from June-September (Fig. 58d), with large areas of western and central India receiving more than 90% of their total annual precipitation during the period, and southern and northwestern India receiving 50%-75% of their total annual rainfall.
What are the two monsoons in India?
India’s climate is affected by two seasonal winds – the northeast monsoon and the southwest monsoon.
What are the advantage of monsoons?
Advantages: Monsoon rains give a good beneficiary for the farmers and agriculture. The rainfall helps in storing water for irrigation, electric power and drinking. A proper usage of monsoon leads to the prosperity for agriculture and everyone.
Which month is very cold?
It is very hot in summer (April – July) and cold in winter (December – January).
|Month||December to January|
|Av. Temp (Min-Max)||5o to 25o|
|Clothing||Woolen & Body Warmers|