The partition was outlined in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, i.e. Crown rule in India. The two self-governing independent Dominions of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 15 August 1947.
What were the consequences of India Pakistan partition?
The partition created the independent nations of Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu-majority India, separating the provinces of Bengal and Punjab along religious lines, despite the fact that Muslims and Hindus lived in mixed communities throughout the area, Satia said.
What were the consequence of the partition of India in 1947?
(i) After 1947 most of the population transferred from one to another in unplanned manner. (ii) Many people was killed in the name of religion. (iii) Lakh of people who managed to cross the border lived their life as refugees and in refugee camps. (iv) Thousands of women were abducted.
Who opposed the partition of India?
The Hindu, Christian, Anglo-Indian, Parsi and Sikh communities were largely opposed to the partition of India (and its underlying two-nation theory), as were many Muslims (these were represented by the All India Azad Muslim Conference).
How many died during the partition of India?
The Partition of India was the division of British India into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan.
Partition of India.
|Prevailing religions of the British Indian Empire (1901), the basis for the partition of India|
|Date||15 August 1947|
|Deaths||200,000 to 2 million deaths 10 to 20 million displaced|
Why the partition of India in 1947 is considered a turning point?
1947: India is partitioned to create Pakistan
As the day ended on 14 August 1947, the new states of India and Pakistan achieved freedom from British rule. … Partition drove at least 12 million refugees – Muslims, Sikhs, Hindus – across the new boundaries of divided Punjab.
What was the consequence of partition?
Partition triggered riots, mass casualties, and a colossal wave of migration. Millions of people moved to what they hoped would be safer territory, with Muslims heading towards Pakistan, and Hindus and Sikhs in the direction of India.
What was the impact of partition on Indian economy?
The food shortage necessitated a larger area under cultivation being diverted to the production of food crops. However, the partition had created a serious shortage of raw cotton and raw-jute as well. India was left with only 60% of raw-cotton and 19% of raw-jute production to cater to two of her major industries.
What was the immediate result of the partition?
Britishers left India into two parts known as India and Pakistan. Partition of India in 1947, resulted in the creation of a separate Islamic state for Muslims, saw large-scale sectarian conflict and slaughter throughout the country. Hence, Mass mobilization was one of the consequences of the independence of 1947.
What are the reasons for Partition of India?
The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan, due to presented religious issues. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country. The main spokesperson for the partition was Muhammad Ali Jinnah.