For Hindus, Varanasi, India, is the holiest of the seven sacred cities. And Buddhism was founded at nearby Sarnath around 528 B.C., when Buddha gave his first sermon, “The Setting in Motion of the Wheel of Dharma” (also called “Turning the Wheel of the Dharma”).
Where are the holy cities of Hinduism?
The seven holiest Hindu cities are said to be the sites of events recounted in mythological texts: Kashi (modern Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh), where the god Shiva founded a shrine of purification; Oudh (modern Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh), birthplace of the god Rama; Mathura (in Uttar Pradesh), scene of Krishna’s nativity; …
What is the main Hindu holy book?
The Vedas. These are the most ancient religious texts which define truth for Hindus. They got their present form between 1200-200 BCE and were introduced to India by the Aryans. Hindus believe that the texts were received by scholars direct from God and passed on to the next generations by word of mouth.
What are the 7 holy cities of Hinduism?
The Hindu religion recognizes seven Holy Cities commonly known as the Sapta Puri. The cities are Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Varanasi, Kanchipuram, Dvaraka and Ujjain.